Dr Stephen C. Druce
BA, MA, PhD (Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Hull University, United Kingdom)
Stephen Druce joined the Academy of Brunei Studies in 2011 after having previously lectured at several UK universities and in Indonesia. For his undergraduate degree, Stephen studied the history, politics, anthropology and languages of Southeast Asia at Hull University’s Centre for Southeast Asian Studies. For his MA and PhD, which he obtained in 2005, he focused on history, taking a multidisciplinary approach to his research by employing a range of sources and methods, including oral, textual, archaeological, linguistic, geomorphological and geographic analysis.
Stephen has an eclectic range of research interests that reflect his multidisciplinary background and broad interest in Southeast Asia. These include various aspects of Southeast Asian history, the development and progression of complex society in Island Southeast Asia, the interaction between orality and writing in a historical context, regional Indonesian politics, contemporary conflict management in Southeast Asia, the history of Islam in Southeast Asia and gender. He has individually authored two books and many articles on Sulawesi history, archaeology and literature, and various other articles and book chapters on a wide range of topics, from early Borneo to contemporary Southeast Asian conflict management. At UBD, he teaches Brunei and Southeast Asian history and supervises a number of graduate students on a diverse range of topics in both the Academy of Brunei Studies, where he is Programme Leader in Graduate Studies and Research, and the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences.
Prior to his academic career, Stephen worked in precision engineering, was an English language teacher, translator, book dealer, and consultant for several NGO’s. He has spent many years in Island and Mainland Southeast Asia carrying out research, working and travelling.
- The pre-modern and modern history of Southeast Asia; Development of complex society; Oral tradition; The interaction between orality and writing in a historical context; Ethnohistory (Sulawesi and Borneo); Gender in Island Southeast Asia; Regional Indonesian politics; Conflict management in contemporary Southeast Asia; History of Islam in Island Southeast Asia (particularly Sufism and the Bugis and Makasar).
- Early polities along the northwest coast of Borneo with special reference to Brunei.
- Orality and writing in South Sulawesi and beyond.
- Contemporary conflict management in Southeast Asia (presently the Rohingya issue and West Papua conflict).
- The development of complex society in Island Southeast Asia.
- Regional Indonesian politics from a historical and cultural perspective
- The Kedayan of Brunei
- Early agricultural communities and the development of complexity in Sulawesi
- ‘The Bugis queens and female aristocrats of South Sulawesi’, Southeast Asian Studies in Asia 2015 Conference (Consortium for Southeast Asian Studies in Asia), CSEAS, Kyoto University, Japan, 12-13 December 2015.
- 'Leaders, leadership and historical continuity in South Sulawesi’, 8th International Indonesian Forum, ‘Discourses Exploring the Space between Tradition and Modernity in Indonesia’, Sebelas Maret University, Solo, Indonesia, 29-30 July 2015.
- ‘The emergence of early polities along the northwest coast of Borneo and the origins of modern Brunei, tenth to mid-fourteenth’, Southeast Asian Studies Symposium (Project Southeast Asia, Oxford University), Sunway University, Malaysia, 20 – 24 March 2015.
- ‘Pengertian sejarah kuno Sulawesi Selatan dan tradisi lisan dan tertulis’, Paper presented to students and staff at The Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar, Indonesia, 29 December, 2014. Invited speaker.
- ‘History, culture, globalization and Islam, with special reference to South Sulawesi’ International Seminar on ‘Islam, Literacy and Local Cultures’, The Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar, Indonesia, 31 October - 2 November 2014. Keynote speaker.
- ‘The role and function of gaukang objects in South Sulawesi’, Southeast Asian Studies Symposium (Project Southeast Asia, Oxford University), Keble College, Oxford University, 22 – 23 March 2014.
- ‘An Indonesian hero and villain: Qahhar Mudzakkar and his legacy’, 3rd Nicholas Tarling Conference on Southeast Asian studies. Exalted heroes, demonized villains and losers: Altering perceptions and memories of leaders and leadership in Southeast Asia, c.1800 - 2000, Universiti Malay, Faculty of Arts and Social, 12 - 13 November 2013. Invited speaker.
- (with Haji Mohd Rafee bin Hj Shahif) ‘Locating the Kedayan of Brunei’, Seminar antarabangsa penyelidikan mengenai Melayu/Current research on the Malay world (organized by the Academy of Brunei Studies, FASS and SOASIC of Universiti Brunei Darussalam and the Department of Southeast Asian Studies, University of Frakfurt), Universiti Brunei Darussalam, 29-31 March 2013.
- ‘Autonomous histories, indigenous voices; South Sulawesi history between 1200 to 1600 CE and its oral and written traditions’, School of Oriental and African Studies, CSEAS Seminar Programme, 21 April 2009. Invited speaker.
- (With Ian Caldwell) ‘Tributary and domain lists as a category in Bugis historiography’. Annual ASEASUK conference, Liverpool John Moores University, 21-22 June 2008.
- ‘Apakah ada perbedaan antara tradisi lisan dan tradisi tulis mengenai masa lalu di Sulawesi Selatan?’ (Is there a difference between South Sulawesi oral and written traditions about the past?). Paper presented at Hasanuddin University, Makassar, 4 October 2007.
- ‘Was Suppaq an early Sulawesi urban centre?’ The International Institute of Asian Studies Masterclass on Southeast Asia: A centre of ancient urbanism? Leiden University, 22-26 February 2005.
- ‘The relationship between oral traditions and written historical texts in South Sulawesi, Indonesia’. Annual ASEASUK conference, University of Leeds, October 2003.
- ‘The importance of geography in understanding the history of Ajattappareng: Initial report on PhD fieldwork in Indonesia’. Paper presented to the Centre for South-East Asian Studies, University of Hull, March 2002.
- ‘The political structure of the kingdom of Sidénréng’. Workshop on the early history of South Sulawesi, Australian National University, Canberra, 18-19 August 2000.
- Chair and organiser of ‘The monarchy in Southeast Asia: Past, present and future’ panel at the Southeast Asian Studies in Asia 2015 Conference (Consortium for Southeast Asian Studies in Asia), CSEAS, Kyoto University, Japan, 12-13 December 2015.
- Chair of ‘Historical legacies in Southeast Asia’ panel, Southeast Asian Studies Symposium (Project Southeast Asia, Oxford University), 20–24 March 2015, Sunway University, Malaysia.
- Invited key-note speaker, at the International Seminar on Islam, Literacy and Local Cultures’, The Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar, Indonesia, 31 October - 2 November 2014.
- Invited speaker at, 3rd Nicholas Tarling Conference on Southeast Asian Studies. Exalted Heroes, Demonized Villains and Losers: Altering Perceptions and Memories of Leaders and Leadership in Southeast Asia, c.1800 - 2000, 12 - 13 November 2013 Faculty of Arts and Social.
- Chair of the ‘Naskah-naskah lama Melayu sebagai sumber sejarah kebudayaan dan pemikiran umat Melayu Islam’ panel at the Seminar Antarabangs Penyelidikan Mengenai Melayu/Current Research on the Malay World, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, 29-31 March 2013.
- Member of the Main Steering Committee of the International Indonesian Forum, which holds annual conferences in Indonesia.
- Translated and transliterated numerous Bugis language and script manuscript texts from Bugis to English, which appear in various publications and dissertations.
- Translated and edited early twentieth century Malay manuscript text from Sulawesi from Malay to English (see Druce, 2016. ‘Transmitting the past in South Sulawesi: The hikajat Sawitto and other Bugis and Makasar historical works. In Orality, writing and history: The literature of the Bugis and Makasar of South Sulawesi, ed. Druce, Stephen, C. International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies 12 (Supp. 1).
- Translated and edited academic articles from Indonesian to English for publication. Two recent examples are: ‘The Pau-paunna Indale Patara: Sufism and the Bugis adaption and transformation of the Hikayat Inderaputera’ by Nurhayati Rahman and ‘Narratives of sexuality in Bugis and Makasar manuscripts’ by Muhlis Hadrawi.
- Bugis (manuscript reading, oral at intermediate level)
- Dutch (reading only)
- Makasar (manuscript reading at intermediate level, oral at basic level)
- Thai (oral and written at intermediate level)